The history of Nizhny Novgorod originates in 1221. The historical part of the city is full of sightseeings and for this reason attracts a lot of tourists.
During the Russian Empire, Nizhny Novgorod was a major industrial center. By the end of the 19th century there were more than 50 large plants and factories. The status of a large industrial city of Nizhny Novgorod has not been lost by today.
The main volume of industrial production is concentrated in car manufacturing and shipbuilding.
Nizhny Novgorod is one of the centers of Russian information technologies. Such companies as Intel, SAP, Mail.ru, Yandex, Huawei, NetCracker, Orange Business Services, MERA and other smaller companies are represented in this area.
"Limpopo" Zoo is the first private zoo opened in this city.
Nizhny has been a major trading centre since its foundation in 1221. In the 19th century, when the lower bank of the Oka housed the country’s main fair – yarmarka – it was said that ‘St Petersburg is Russia’s head; Moscow its heart; and Nizhny Novgorod its wallet’. During Soviet times the city was named Gorky, after the writer Maxim Gorky, born here in 1868. Closed to foreigners by the Soviets, Gorky was chosen as a place of exile for the dissident physicist Andrei Sakharov.
Nizhny is often called Russia’s ‘third capital’, but it is the fifth-largest Russian city and markedly quieter than Moscow and St Petersburg, with a laid-back ambience characteristic of the Volga cities downstream.
The Kremlin of Nizhniy Novgorod
Chkalov staircase / Chkalovskaya stairs
Bank of Russia
Archangel Michael cathedral